[Difference between winter wheat and spring wheat]_winter wheat_average

[Difference between winter wheat and spring wheat]_winter wheat_average

Winter wheat and spring wheat are sown for different futures. Winter wheat has changed cold resistance, and spring wheat has better drought resistance.

Spring wheat is now sown in spring and then harvested in autumn, while winter wheat is planted in autumn and harvested in early summer.

Winter wheat and spring wheat are also different in taste, as is the taste of rice and wheat.

Whether it is winter wheat or spring wheat, it is actually an important food in our lives, and everyone must not have the habit of wasting food when eating it.

1. Growth habit Winter wheat is extremely resistant to cold during the growth process, and its seedlings can survive the winter. When spring comes, the harvest is quick, and the squatting grows up.

Spring wheat is extremely resistant to drought, with large dwarf ears and short growing season. After spring sowing, it is not as delicious as winter wheat flour.

2, sowing, harvest time Spring wheat is wheat that is sown in spring, usually planted in spring and harvested in autumn.

Winter wheat is wheat grown in late autumn and early winter.

It is usually planted from October to November and harvested around June of the following year.

3. The spring and winter wheat planting boundaries in the distribution areas are basically along the Great Wall.

Spring wheat is planted to the north of the Great Wall and winter wheat is planted to the south.

In terms of terrain, spring wheat is grown in the Northeast Plain, and winter wheat is grown in the North China Plain.

Why is it easier to plant spring wheat in the Northeast Plain and winter wheat in the North China Plain?

This is because of climate.

The Northeast Plain is extremely cold in winter, and the wheat planted in the field is easily killed by ice. In addition, the Northeast Plain has a humid climate in spring, and the wheat germinated quickly after sowing, so it is spring wheat sowing in spring.

The spring drought in the North China Plain is not conducive to crop sowing. For example, after sowing in winter, it can take root and germinate, and after a winter of water absorption, a large amount of water is stored in the wheat.Resistance to spring and drought, so autumn (otherwise winter) sowing is winter wheat.

Three major wheat producing areas in China: (1) The northern winter wheat area is mainly distributed in the Qinling Mountains, north of the Huaihe River, and south of the Great Wall. Here, winter wheat production accounts for about 56% of the country’s total wheat production.

Among them, it is mainly distributed in Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi, and Shanxi provinces; (2) Southern winter wheat area, mainly distributed to the south of Huaihe River in Qinling Mountains.

This is the main rice-producing area in developing countries. Planting winter wheat will help increase the multiple cropping index and increase food production.

It is characterized by a high commodity rate.

The main producing areas are concentrated in Jiangsu, Sichuan, Anhui, and Hubei provinces.

(3) Spring wheat area, mainly distributed north of the Great Wall.

The temperature is extremely common in this area, and the production season is short, so it is mainly cooked once a year. The main producing provinces are Heilongjiang, Xinjiang, Gansu, and Inner Mongolia.

[Can miscarriage eat fruit]_Fresh fruit_Baby_Can you eat

娴佷骇瀵瑰コ鎬х殑韬綋浼氶€犳垚闈炲父澶х殑涓婃捣锛屾墍浠ュ繀椤绘敞閲嶇瀛︾殑璋冨吇锛屽湪姝や箣闂存殏鏃朵笉瑕佸悆姘存灉锛屽洜涓哄緢澶氱殑姘存灉閮芥槸瀵掑噳鐨勶紝瀵硅韩浣撶殑鎭㈠涓嶅埄锛屽彲浠ョ啲涓€浜涗钩楦芥灨鏉炴堡锛屾垨鑰呮槸鍏朵粬鐨勬粙琛ユ堡銆?Adze?I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m a fan, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry, I ‘m sorry劉 銆 傦 纸 2 ad?鑽旀灊澶ф灒姹ゃ€傚共鑽旀灊銆佸共澶ф灒鍚?鏋氥€傚叡鍔犳按鐓庢湇锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傘€傚叿鏈夎ˉ琛€鐢熸触浣滅敤銆傞€傜敤浜庡濂宠传琛€鍙婃祦浜у悗浣撹櫄鐨勮皟鍏汇€?Adze?What are you going to do? 銆 傝 眴 眴 娴?纰楋紝澶х背50鍏嬶紝鐧界硸閫傞噺銆傚皢澶х背娣樻礂鍑€锛屼互璞嗘祮鐓背浣滅播锛岀啛鍚庡姞绯栬皟鏈嶃€傛瘡鏃ユ棭绌鸿吂鏈嶉銆傚叿鏈夎皟鍜岃劸鑳冦€佹竻鐑鼎鐕ヤ綔鐢ㄣ€傞€傜敤浜庝汉娴佸悗浣撹櫄鐨勮皟鍏汇€?(4)涔抽附鏋告潪姹ゃ€備钩楦?鍙紝鏋告潪30鍏嬶紝鐩愬皯璁搞€傚皢涔抽附鍘绘瘺鍙婂唴鑴忔潅鐗╋紝娲楀噣锛屾斁鍏ラ攨鍐呭姞姘翠笌鏋告潪鍏辩倴锛岀啛鏃跺姞鐩愬皯璁搞€傚悆鑲夐ギ姹わ紝姣忔棩2娆°€傚叿鏈夌泭姘斻€佽ˉ琛€銆佺悊铏氫綔鐢ㄣ€傞€傜敤浜庝汉娴佸悗浣撹櫄鍙婄梾鍚庢皵铏氥€佷綋鍊︿箯鍔涖€佽〃铏氳嚜姹楃瓑鐥囥€?Adze?锛夌硸楗孩鏋c€傚共绾㈡灒50鍏嬶紝鑺辩敓绫?00鍏嬶紝绾㈢硸50鍏嬨€傚皢骞茬孩鏋f礂鍑€鍚庣敤娓╂按娴告场锛岃姳鐢熺背鐣ョ叜锛屽幓鐨鐢ㄣ€傛灒涓庤姳鐢熺背鍚屽叆灏忛摑閿呭唴锛屽姞姘撮€傞噺锛屼互鏂囩伀鐓?0鍒嗛挓锛屾崬鍑鸿姳鐢熺背锛屽姞绾㈢硸锛屽緟绾㈢硸婧跺寲鏀舵眮鍗虫垚銆傚叿鏈夊吇琛€銆佺悊铏氫綔鐢ㄣ€傞€傜敤浜庢祦浜у悗璐鎴栬璞″亸浣庣瓑銆?

[Can you drink tea after surgery?

]_Surgery_Can you drink it?

[Can you drink tea after surgery?
]_Surgery_Can you drink it?

Many people have had experience in surgery. For many diseases of the body, severe surgery may be required. There are many types of surgery, and there are small and large surgeries.Surgery performed on the brain, etc., but in general, people are very weak after surgery, so we should pay attention to all aspects of rehabilitation, so can you drink tea after surgery?

Can I drink tea after surgery?
1. Is it possible to drink tea during surgery? In Chinese medicine, “fat” is considered to be a substance that can cause the yin-yang balance of the human body to induce and aggravate certain diseases.

Hair products include some beverages such as strong tea, coffee, and alcohol, which can stimulate the nerves and often induce the nervous system diseases.

Therefore, you cannot drink tea during surgery.

2. What to not eat after surgery In addition to tea, there are several foods that you cannot eat during surgery: 2.

1. Fruits are mainly peaches, apricots, mangoes, etc. Previous reports have pointed out that eating more peaches tends to produce heat, cyanosis, sores, ulcers, gangrene, maggots, insects, and insects.


2. The sea fishes mainly include aquatic products such as band fish, yellow croaker, catfish, mussels, shrimps, crabs and other aquatic products. These foods are mainly salty and fishy. For those who are allergic to the constitution, they can easily induce allergic diseases such as wheezing and acute measles.At the same time, it is also prone to skin diseases such as sore fractures, swelling and poison.


3, vegetables mainly include bamboo shoots, mustard, pumpkin, spinach, scallion, eggplant, etc., such foods can easily cause skin ulcers, swelling and poison.


4. Edible fungi mainly include mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, etc. Foods that are over-eating can easily cause wind to rise, trigger liver yang headache, liver wind dizziness and other chronic diseases, and therefore, it can also easily induce or aggravate skin sores, swelling and poison.

3. People who should not drink tea should not drink tea except for surgery. The following types of people should not drink tea: 3.

1. Patients with constipation: The polyphenols in tea have a certain astringent effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa. Drinking tea from constipation will aggravate constipation.


2. People with neurasthenia or insomnia: After drinking tea, the brain is in an excited state and affects sleep and rest.

Caffeine in tea has a significant excitatory effect on the cerebral cortex.


3, iron deficiency anemia are not suitable for drinking: concentrated acid in tea and iron in the food to form difficult to absorb sediment, tea drinking will increase anemia.


4. Tea should not be consumed in patients with calcium deficiency and fractures: The alkaloids in tea can inhibit the absorption of calcium by the duodenum, which leads to calcium deficiency and osteoporosis. Drinking tea in patients with calcium deficiency and fracturesWill affect their recovery.


5. People with stomach acid and gastric ulcer should not drink tea: theophylline in tea will reduce the activity of phosphodiesterase, and make the gastric wall cells secrete a large amount of gastric acid. Excessive gastric acid will affect the healing of the ulcer surface, and it will also reduce the resistanceThe efficacy of acid drugs.

Tea that is too fresh is not suitable for people with gastric acid deficiency or chronic gastric ulcers.

Because the new tea will irritate the gastric mucosa, cause gastrointestinal upset, and even worsen stomach problems.

Not only that, even for a healthy person, it is not advisable to drink new tea for a long time, because the new tea contains some substances that are not good for the body, such as polyphenols, alcohols, and aldehydes, which may cause adverse reactions such as diarrhea and bloating.

Yuanzu Shares (603886): Mooncake peak season grows slightly and gradually grows steadily The main tone remains unchanged

Yuanzu Shares (603886): Mooncake peak season grows slightly and gradually grows steadily The main tone remains unchanged

The event company released the third quarter of 2019 report Q1-Q3 2019 to achieve operating income17.

89 trillion, ten years +8.

82%; revenue achieved in a single quarter9.

5.6 billion, +3 in ten years.


In the first three quarters, the net profit of the shareholders of the listed company was achieved.

7.5 billion, ten years +7.

00%, single Q3 achieved net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies2.

4 billion, previously +3.


Brief comment on the moon cake, fruit performance is lower than the overall, Q3 revenue growth decline in the first three quarters to achieve revenue.

8.9 billion, an increase of +8.

82% in the third quarter.

5.6 billion, an increase of +3.


Looking at specific products, Q1-Q3 cakes, Chinese and Western pastries, fruit and mooncakes achieved business income of 43,343, respectively.

64, 55, 680.

76, 6, 151.

07, 66, 698.

160,000 yuan, ten years +9.

17%, +11.

82%, -1.

54%, +3.


The cake benefit report has some product price adjustment effects. The sales growth of Chinese and Western pastries is significant. The main report is that the interconnected companies, star products, and inlaid flower cakes have been upgraded for raw materials and values to meet consumer demand and achieve stable growth, contributing to the increase in overall revenue.

The decrease in Q3 single quarter growth rate was mainly due to the breakdown of mooncake growth rate. The mooncake achieved revenue in the third quarter6.

6.7 billion, previously +3.

38%, meanwhile, fruit revenue was 2490.

240,000 yuan, at least -18.

71%, collectively lowering the overall income growth rate, mainly because the Mid-Autumn Festival ahead of the season fruit picking time in advance, affecting taste and sales.

In terms of channels, Q1-Q3 operated directly, and the franchise achieved revenues of 149,897, respectively.

80, 24, 021.

140,000 yuan, an increase of 5 every year.

83%, 17.


Q3 single quarter achieved 79649.

79, 14672.

40,000 yuan income, increase by 1 every year.23%, 18.


In the first three quarters, the number of franchised stores expanded steadily, extending H1’s total of 642 stores across the country, and channel expansion significantly promoted the increase in turnover.

The gross profit margin for the first three quarters of 2019Q1-Q3 was 65.

9%, ten years +0.

94pct, Q3 achieved a gross profit margin of 67.

36% every year -0.

07 points.

In the first three quarters, the gross profit margin increased slightly. The company expanded its reporting scale to upgrade its products, launch new products, optimize product structure, drive higher gross profit margin, replace, and benefit from long-term non-withdrawal card carryover. Reduced operating costs directly deteriorated gross profit and increased gross marginwhich performed.

The gross margin of Q3 fluctuated slightly. It is expected to be mainly due to the influence of mooncake products. The general cost of cold packs has increased, and the overall gross margin has a slight margin.

Expenditure on selling expenses increased. Q1-Q3 was 2 in selling expenses.

2 billion, Q3 single quarter 3.

100 million, ten years growth +9.

79%, +4.

97%, the sales expense ratio is 40.

41%, 32.

43%, ten years +0.

32pct, +0.


The slight increase in the sales expense ratio was mainly due to the increase in advertising expenses and employment costs, thus driving up the overall expense ratio growth in the first three quarters.

Management expenses for the first three quarters were zero.

8.2 billion, previously +1.

2%; single Q3 is 0.

300 million, at least -6.

9%, the management expense ratio Q1-Q3 is 4.

58% every year -0.

35 pct; Q3 is 3.

14% every year -0.

33 points.

In the first three quarters, the management expense ratio decreased slightly, thereby implementing a preliminary management structure for the company, continuously optimizing management efficiency, and controlling the management expense ratio.

In addition, the company has steadily advanced research and development of new products, and the research and development expenses for the first three quarters were 1,076.

740,000, +3 in the past.

83%; third quarter was 399.

350,000, +1 a year.

71%, R & D expense ratio Q1-Q3 is 0.

60% 北京夜生活网 every year -0.

03pct; Q3 is 0.

42% -0 per year.


Financial expenses Q1-Q3 were -22.40,000, ten years -166.

12%; Q3 is -21.

290,000, half a year -220.


The financial expense ratio Q1-Q3 is -0.

01%, Decade -0.

03pct; Q3 is -0.

02%, year -0.

04 points.

The decrease in financial expenses in the first three quarters was mainly due to the increase in interest income.

Net profit steadily increased during the period Q1-Q3.

7.5 billion, ten years +7.

00%; Q3 returns to mother’s net profit 2.

400 million, previously +3.

90%, Q1-Q3 net margin is 15.

37%, -0 per year.

26 points; Q3 is 25.

1%, ten years +0.

02 points.

Q1-Q3 net profit attributable to mothers increased slightly, mainly benefiting from growth in sales revenue.

In Q3, the increase in net profit attributable to mothers was even smaller, and the impact of small changes in consolidated gross profit margins. According to this report, the company increased its donation to charitable foundations, and external operating expenses reached 1809.

80,000, an annual increase of 205.

36%, affecting the quarter’s profit performance.

Profit forecast: It is expected that the company will realize revenue 21 in 2019-2021.

41, 24.

12, 27.

20 trillion, it is expected that the company’s net profit will be 2 in 2019-2021.

55, 2.

92 and 3.

3.4 billion, corresponding to EPS 1.

06, 1.

22 and 1.

39 yuan / share.

Risk reminders: food safety risks, increased competition risks, business management risks, etc.

韩国乐天首家海外免税店关门 韩媒:“祸”不单行

韩国乐天首家海外免税店关门 韩媒:“祸”不单行
­  乐天免税店在韩国的经营因中国游客锐减备受打击,海外事业却也发展不顺,遭遇不小挑战。韩国《亚洲经济》8月2日援引韩联社报道称,乐天免税店1日表示,在印度尼西亚雅加达机场经营的免税店已于7月31日关门。韩媒对此评论称,福无双至,祸不单行。­  该免税店于2012年1月31日开业,是乐天在海外开设的首家免税店,因合约到期停止经营。­  乐天免税店相关人士说:合约到期后我们再次参与了招标,但经营权最终被印度尼西亚的企业拿走了。我们将集中经营雅加达市内免税店等海外卖场,继续进军国际。­  报道称,印度尼西亚政府为了保护免税店产业加大了对本国企业的支持力度,3月底,世界排名第二的美国免税店企业DFS在雅加达机场的免税店也在合上海夜网论坛约到期后关门。­  目前,乐天免税店的海外卖场还有雅加达市内店、关岛机场店、日本关西机场店、东京银座店、越南岘港机场店及泰国曼谷店6家。­  西安耍耍网为了拓展多元市场,近年来韩国免税店企业积极进军海外,但与其他跨国免税企业的竞争越来越激烈,再加上各国政府开始保护本国产业,因此发展频频受阻,收益也在减少,很多企业都陷入了赤字的旋涡。乐天免税店去年在海外的销售额约达1000亿韩元,但反而亏损了491亿韩元。­  新罗免税店的海外卖场已经进驻新加坡樟宜机场、中国澳门机场、泰国普吉岛和日本东京等,今年底还将在中国香港赤鱲角机场开设新店。新罗免税店去年的海外销售额约5000亿韩元,是进军海外的韩国免税店中最高的,但仍然亏损376亿韩元。­  新罗免税店相关人士说:为了实现规模经济,增强在国际市场的竞争力,将继续扩大海外业务,预计明年能扭亏为盈。 原标题:韩国乐天首家海外免税店关门大吉 韩媒:“祸”不单行

New rules for refinancing trigger A shares: investment bank outbreak initially favors left-hand brokers

New rules for refinancing trigger A shares: investment bank outbreak initially favors left-hand brokers

Refinancing “unbundling” small and medium-cap technology stocks broke out!

Come to Sina University of Finance and listen to the opening column of the Trading Day Financial Morning Post.

  Original title: New rules for refinancing ignite A shares!

The investment banking business is welcoming a period of explosion, and it is expected to increase profits by 3%. Various studies are optimistic about the right brokerage source: The new rules of the refinancing of the Associated Press have become market enthusiasts since the weekend.Soared, the Shanghai stock index rose 2.

2%, the gap before the make-up gap, the GEM index rose sharply 3.

7%, a three-year high, echoed this favorable policy.

  Brokerage stocks have also strengthened across the board.

National Gold Securities daily limit, Guoyuan Securities rose 9.

65%, Soochow Securities rose 8.

twenty four%.

Hongta Securities, Haitong Securities, Northeast Securities, Oriental Securities, Shanxi Securities, Huatai Securities, and CITIC Securities all rose more than 5%, and the market sentiment burst.

  It has been agreed that the new rules for refinancing will bring about a fixed increase in scale and expansion of investment bank business income.

Soochow Securities estimates that the refinancing scale will return to the level of about 2016, corresponding to an increase of about 1 trillion at the current level. Considering the suppression of demand, the increase will exceed 1 trillion.

Measured at a 1% rate, the direct impact on revenue and profit is about 3%.

  Some analysts also pointed out that the implementation of the new regulations will support the promotion of diversified financing of high-quality enterprises, and the market for setbacks is expected to pick up. There have been regulatory policy bonuses for building aircraft carrier-level brokerages. Under the new regulations, leading brokerages will benefit more.

  The investment banking business is about to explode. How do brokers see new business opportunities? After the new rules for refinancing are implemented, the merger brokers will call the conference on the new rules for emergency situations on the weekend. Non-bank, market strategy analysts, industry analysts, and other departments will attend the meeting.
From the perspective of the overall industry, after the implementation of the new refinancing rules, in addition to the direct benefit of the securities firm’s investment banking business, the reform of the capital market financing system has also ushered in a comprehensive breakthrough.

  CITIC Construction Investment: Securities company refinancing underwriting sponsorship and financial advisory business will usher in a bumper harvest CITIC Construction Investment Research report mentioned that in 2019, A-share refinancing (additional issuance + rights issue + preferred stock + convertible bonds + exchangeable bonds)The underwriting amount is US $ 1,2791 billion, assuming no refinancing fee subsidies of zero.

8%, the operating income of the securities industry in 2019 is 350 billion yuan, so the refinancing business in 2019 will contribute 102 to the securities industry.

US $ 3.3 billion, equivalent to 2 of the operating income of the securities industry.


Approximately, before the tightening of the previous round of refinancing rules, the amount of underwriting of A-share refinancing in 2016 could reach 195.2 billion yuan, indicating that there is room for the securities firm’s refinancing underwriting and sponsorship business to recover.

  CITIC Securities: The new rules are a balanced elasticity of the performance and estimates of the brokerage firm. CITIC Securities believes that the new rules on refinancing mark a breakthrough in the reform of the capital market financing system. In the future, a reasonable and liquid secondary market will be needed as financing support.The focus of market reform is expected to shift from the primary market to the secondary market, guide long-term funds into the market, improve the trading system and the expansion of derivatives. It is worth looking forward to, and the active secondary market raw materials will catalyze the performance of securities firms and generate greater value elasticity.

  Capital market reform opens a new cycle of securities firm development. New businesses require capital strength, risk pricing capabilities, talent reserves, and fintech capabilities. The result of innovation must be differentiation. As in overseas markets, China’s securities industry is expected to have an oligopoly centralized layout.
Combining estimates and fundamentals, we recommend investors to pay attention to Huatai Securities (A / H) and CICC (H).

  CICC: Securities companies may merge from potential new business. CICC believes that the new policy of refinancing is slightly more than expected, and the impact of securities companies, pharmaceuticals, and technology industries.

The improvement of the implementation of the refinancing rules focuses on the institutional adjustment and construction of the GEM, which is in line with the trend of supporting China’s economic transformation and industrial upgrading through capital market reforms. From the past, gradually, SMEs and emerging industriesIt is also an active area for refinancing and M & A.

In the medium and long term, it will promote the maturity of the capital market, promote superiority and inferiority, and enhance market vitality, transformation and effectiveness.

In the short term, brokers may accumulate from potential new businesses and be boosted.

  Huatai Securities: As the core carrier of the capital market, securities companies will directly benefit from the weighing of Huatai Securities. The refinancing policy has officially landed and the marketization process has accelerated again.

The speed and intensity of the implementation of the system reform were slightly higher than expected, and the optimization of the system reduced the biology of listed companies’ financing doors and the intelligence of investor participation, which will help revitalize the enthusiasm of all parties and improve the market environment from changes in supply and demand.

In the future, the refinancing market is expected to expand, capital market reform will continue to advance, and securities companies will directly benefit as the core carrier of the capital market.

  Recommended high-quality leading brokers CITIC Securities, Guotai Junan, Haitong Securities, small and medium-sized securities brokers Oriental Securities, and Industrial Securities with high performance flexibility.

The speed and intensity of the policy implementation were slightly higher than expected, and the intensity and speed of the formal launch of the refinancing policy were moderately adjusted for the financing scale and the new and old cut-off rules.Optimize reforms in mechanisms and other aspects.

  Guotai Junan: Brokers, asset management and self-employed businesses have all benefited from Guotai Junan’s belief that the new refinancing regulations officially announced the correction of the draft consultation letter to further relax the investment banking business.

The epidemic situation does not change the pace of the capital market. It is expected that the subsequent counter-cyclical adjustments and the favorable policies of the securities industry are expected to exceed expectations.

  Guotai Junan research report mentioned that the refinancing business of securities companies ushered in a period of outbreak and enhanced the vitality of the capital market from the source.

  1) After the tightening of the refinancing policy in February 2017, the scale of additional issuance (including financial advisors) will increase from 16 years.68 trillion expected in 19 years 0.

68 trillion.

The new rules have severely loosened the pricing, exit, and additional issuance of high-level issues, while reducing the refinancing conditions of the GEM (only 23% of the original conditions met the additional issuance requirements). It is expected that the refinancing business of securities firms will usher in an explosive period.

  2) Under the assumption of 1% underwriting fee rate, the listed securities company’s gradual increase (main underwriting) in 19 years will account for the proportion of investment bank revenue / total revenue (after adjustment) 3.

3% / 0.

3%, 18% / 3 of the earlier 16 years (expected).

The 1% drop is obvious.

The new rules on refinancing indirectly benefited the mergers and acquisitions and restructuring of securities companies. In 19 years, the “refinancing + M & A and restructuring” of listed securities companies accounted for 29% / 3% of investment bank revenue / total revenue (adjusted).

  3) Refinancing loosening will help improve the quality of listed companies and stimulate the vitality of the capital market. Securities brokerage, asset management and self-operated businesses can all benefit.

  Soochow Securities: Leading securities firms have benefited more from the Soochow Securities non-bank team’s belief that the conditions for conversion and refinancing will be relaxed and the scale of fixed increase will increase in 2020. The main players implementing the fixed increase are mostly small businesses with a market value of less than 10 billion.

  The new rules on refinancing will further enhance the existing securities firms in the capital market, and leading securities firms will benefit more.

  (1) The new regulations relaxed the refinancing requirements, appropriate corporate financing, and improved the efficiency of market resource allocation.

Pricing discounts have increased, lock-up periods have been shortened, and restrictions on holdings have been reduced, which has increased market liquidity and has significantly increased its attractiveness to investors, and competition for quality projects may become more intense.

At the same time, the relaxation of the refinancing policy has lowered the overall quality level of the fixed-income stocks, which has expanded the challenges of fixed-income investors.

  (2) For the securities firms, the new refinancing rules will bring about a fixed increase in scale and expansion of investment banking business income. We expect the refinancing scale to return to the level of about 2016, corresponding to the current level of about trillions of increments. Taking into accountDemand suppression, the increase reached more than one trillion, measured at a rate of 1%, the direct impact on income and profit is about 3%.

  (3) There is a clear concentration trend in the investment banking business. The refinancing underwriting scale CR5 has increased from 38% in 2016 to 63% in 2019H1. The refinancing liberalization has increased the value of direct financing in 杭州夜网论坛 the capital market, and the supervision and guidance have led to the creation of aircraft carrier-grade securities firms.Under the background, leading securities firms will benefit in depth, and it is recommended to pay attention to CITIC Securities, CICC, Huatai Securities.

  The Matthew effect of refinancing in 2019 is obvious. What is the size of the refinancing market of CITIC CITIC Huatai in the top three in the past year?

  WIND data shows that the total scale of equity financing in 2019 is 15,323.

7.5 billion yuan, of which 2532 were raised in the IPO.

4.8 billion yuan, an additional 6,798 funds raised.

1.9 billion yuan.

The rights issue, preference shares and convertible bonds raised 13.4 billion, 255 billion and 247.8 billion, respectively.

  Data source: How will the financial terminal of wind financial 北京桑拿洗浴保健 terminal divide the refinancing cake in 2019?

  The Associated Press found by wind financial terminal data statistics that in the scale of refinancing underwriting in 2019, CITIC Securities raised a total of 1565.

3.4 billion ranked first, with 574 additional funds raised.

7.8 billion, convertible bonds 739.

1.8 billion, a total of 38 underwriting.

  Source of data: The total amount of refinancing underwriting of Wind Financial Terminal CICC is 1063.

3.4 billion came in second place, with an additional issue of 848.

1.4 billion, convertible bonds 161.

0.6 billion, a total of 21 underwriters.

  The total amount of Huatai United Securities refinancing underwriting was 1,040.

02 trillion ranked third, with an additional 752 raised.

6.4 billion, 150 convertible bonds.

8.2 billion, a total of 36 underwriters.

  The total amount of refinancing underwriting of CITIC Construction Investment was 886.

14 trillion ranked fourth, with 553 additional funds raised.

5.5 billion yuan, convertible bonds 162.

08 trillion, a total of 45 underwriters.

  The amount of Oriental Citi Securities is 654.9.6 billion yuan, raising 576.

70 trillion, 40 trillion convertible bonds, a total of 8 underwriters.

  In addition, Guotai Junan Securities, Yangtze River Underwriting Sponsor, GF Securities, China Merchants Securities, and HSBC Qianhai Securities ranked sixth in the refinancing list?

  On the scale of the issuance in 2019, the reporter of the Associated Press also made preliminary statistics.

  The data shows that the total amount of additional funds raised by CICC was 902.

2.8 billion ranked first with 13 underwriters.

The total amount of additional funds raised by Huatai United Securities is 889.

2.1 billion ranked second with 29 underwriters.

The total amount of additional capital raised by CITIC Securities was 826.

1.6 billion ranked third, with 24 underwriters.

The total amount of additional capital raised by CITIC Securities was 724.

07 trillion ranked fourth, with 31 underwriters.

Oriental Citi Securities issued a total additional capital of 614.

9.6 billion, 7 underwriters.

  In addition, Guotai Junan, Yangtze River Underwriting Sponsor, GF Securities, China Merchants Securities, HSBC Qianhai Securities ranked sixth?

  In terms of refinancing business, securities investment banks have a clear head concentration trend.

According to the Soochow Securities Research Report, the top five refinancing underwriting scales increased from 38% in 2016 to 63% in the first quarter of 2019.

  The implementation of the new regulations will support the promotion of diversified financing of high-quality companies, and the market is expected to pick up. There have been regulatory dividends for building aircraft carrier-level brokerages before. The new regulations will benefit leading brokerages even more.

  Large companies released the new version of the financing solution overnight. Market participants generally believe that the implementation of the new refinancing rules will benefit the securities industry, especially cutting-edge securities firms with obvious advantages in investment banking. At the same time, it will benefit small and medium-sized GEM stocks; TMT, biomedicine, etc.Industry sectors with refinancing needs and scale expansion will also benefit.

  Data show that currently there are 291 companies in A-shares that have issued refinancing plans, involving a scale of 476.3 billion.

The agency believes that the new four-in-one refinancing policy will increase the attractiveness of fixed-income market investments.

  On the evening of February 16, a new version of the financing plan was merged with a listed company.

  Yuanli shares: In accordance with the new refinancing rules, the company amended the plan for non-public offering of shares.

The revised content mainly includes 4 aspects: the number of release objects, the release pricing principle, the sale restriction period, the release quantity, etc.

After the amendment, the number of issuers shall be adjusted to no more than 35; the issue price shall be modified to be no less than 80% of the average price of the company’s stock trading on the 20 trading days before the first day of the issue period; the number of non-publicly issued A shares shall be raised to no more than73.44 million shares; and the restricted period is reduced to 6 months.

  Longsheng Technology: Announced a plan to adjust the fixed increase plan, in which the issue target is adjusted to not more than 35; the issue price is adjusted to not less than 80% of the average price of the company’s stock on the 20 trading days before the first day of the issue period;It cannot be transferred within 6 months from the end of the issuance.

  Gloria: to terminate the non-public offering of shares in 2019; at the same time, disclose the 2020 non-public offering of shares.

The company intends to issue non-public shares not exceeding 18.7 million shares at an issue price of 123.

56 yuan / share, the raised funds shall not exceed 23.

1.1 billion US dollars, after deducting the issuance costs, the full amount will be used to supplement working capital.

Gaofeng Capital intends to subscribe and issue all non-publicly issued stocks in cash by means of Gaolong Capital Management Co., Ltd. – HCM China Fund, which it manages.

[How to eat sea cucumber after foaming]_How to make_How to make

[How to eat sea cucumber after foaming]_How to make_How to make

The nourishing effect of sea cucumber is very strong, and it also has medicinal value, which is deeply loved by people.

If it is not in the coastal areas, the sea cucumbers we usually come in contact with are dried sea cucumbers, for better transportation and storage.

Therefore, when we eat sea cucumber, we need to foam the sea cucumber first.

So, how to eat sea cucumber after foaming?

Let’s take a look below.

Sea cucumber porridge can be chopped to make porridge. Before making it, boil the rice porridge, and then put the sea cucumber into the porridge. You can also add some salt and sugar and cook for another five minutes.

Sea cucumber egg custard Minced sea cucumber with a small amount of fungus and chopped it into steamed custard, which has a good effect of nourishing yin and nourishing blood.

However, it should be noted that the fungus should not be soaked for too long when eating it.

Dip food every morning, you can dip it with honey and sugar (diabetes patients are not recommended to use this method of eating), or you can add it to milk to serve, keep adhere to the effect of physical fitness all year round.

Sea cucumber clear soup Chopped sea cucumber, boiled in a pot, place instant noodle seasoning, and adjust according to personal taste.

Sea cucumber mushroom soup uses sea to join mushrooms, magnolia slices and shrimp skin to make soup, which is an ideal tonic for middle-aged and elderly people.

Stir-fry the sea cucumber and onion and ginger together. Although this way of eating will lose some of the nutrition, but the taste is very good, friends can try it.

Rinse the boiled sea cucumber with cold water, cut into thin slices or chopped diced, add an appropriate amount of salt, sugar, vinegar, monosodium glutamate, garlic, and coriander, mix and serve.It’s delicious.

The nutritional value of sea cucumbers1. Sea cucumbers are rich in protein, very little stool and cholesterol.

2. Sea cucumber is known as “Arginine Monopoly” and contains 8 kinds of essential amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body. Among them, arginine and lysine are the most abundant.

3. Contains special active nutrients, sea cucumber acid binding polysaccharides, sea cucumbers, sea cucumber toxins), sea cucumber polysaccharides, sea cucumber gum proteins, taurine, etc.

4. Other active ingredients in the sea cucumber body include sea cucumber and acidic mucopolysaccharide of sea cucumber, which is composed of aminohexose, uronic acid and fucose. It contains 18 kinds of amino acids and contains no cholesterol.

5, rich in trace elements, especially calcium, vanadium, sodium, selenium, magnesium content is high.

The trace element vanadium contained in sea cucumbers ranks first among various foods and can participate in the transport of iron in the blood and enhance the ability to hematopoietic.

6, 77 per 100 grams of fresh sea cucumber.

2 grams, protein 16.

6 grams, aunt 0.

3 grams, ash 3.

7 grams of cobalt.

9 grams, thiamine 0.

03 mg, riboflavin 0.

05 mg, calcium 28.

5 mg, potassium 43 mg, sodium 502.

9 mg, 149 mg magnesium, 13 iron.

2 mg, manganese 0.

76 mg, zinc 0.

63 mg, copper 0.

05 mg, 28 mg phosphorus, 63 selenium.

93 μg, 0 niacin.

01 mg.

[How do I wash my peeled hands?

】 _How to wash hands_How to wash hands

[How do I wash my peeled hands?
】 _How to wash hands_How to wash hands

I believe that everyone has eaten this kind of food, and there are large and small walnuts. Large ones are very refreshing, and small ones have a stronger taste.

Moreover, the country’s walnut production is still very high, so walnuts can be eaten whenever they want. After all, people’s living standards are now higher than before.

However, when peeling walnuts, your hands may turn black and it is difficult to wash them off.

So how do I wash my peeled hands?

Washing method of peeling fresh walnuts and turning black: first sprinkle some salt, soak it gently with water, and then immerse it in soapy water for washing.

For slight fruit stains, it can be washed away with cold water. It cannot be washed once, and then washed again.

For heavy pollution, dilute ammonia water (1 part ammonia water and 20 parts water) can be used to neutralize the organic acids in the fruit juice, and then wash with soap.

Wash your hands often, rely on the body’s own skin epidermal cells to self-metabolize, age, and replace slowly.

The blackening of walnut peels is due to the fact that they contain “pecan peel”.

The traditional Chinese medicine ingredients for treating dermatitis contain fermented matter and gallic acid and other substances. They are extracted from walnut green peel and blackened after being oxidized. They are most suitable for use as colorants in hair dyes.

Precautions for peeling green walnuts: Do not allow the juice of green peel to splash on other skins, otherwise it will fester, because the green peel of walnut is also called “Qinglongyi”, and its juice is highly toxic.

Don’t splash your eyes.

The biggest advantage of artificial peeling is that the skin color is good-looking, and the natural peeling walnut skin is dark.

Peeling method: Dry naturally.

Intact walnut skin, after a few days of natural dryness, the skin appears wrinkled and dried, and the green skin will naturally separate from the nuts, but the damaged walnut, the green skin is partially blackened, this method is not suitable, because it will cause the skin.

Artificial ripening.

Spray the green skin fully with 200 times solution of “Ethephon” solution. After one day, the green skin will leave the bone automatically.

Manually peeled.

Specific steps: Use a small knife to peel off large pieces of green skin, continue to brush the remaining green skin with an iron brush in combination with clean water, and finally clean up carefully with a fine needle and toothbrush.

The whole process is best carried out with rubber gloves, otherwise the skin on the hands will be blackened.

[Authentic practice of sweet and sour crispy fish]_ practice Daquan _ production method

[Authentic practice of sweet and sour crispy fish]_ practice Daquan _ production method

Sweet and sour crispy fish is a well-known dish in Zhejiang Province. Often eating sweet and sour crispy fish also has anti-aging, qi and other effects. Sweet and sour crispy fish can replace a variety of fish as the main ingredient. It is mainly made according to its own taste.The method of making sweet and sour crispy fish is actually very simple, but it is difficult for people who do n’t usually cook. What is the authentic method of sweet and sour crispy fish?

Production process 1.

Cut the bottom of the fish maw into 1 knife (3 cm in length), dig out the internal organs and internal organs, wash with water, cut off the head and tail, and cut to a thickness of 0.

7 cm pieces, put in a bowl, mix well with rice wine, ginger juice and soy sauce, pickle for 5 minutes, take out, spread out on a bamboo sieve, drain the water and set aside; 2.

2. Put the frying pan on the hot fire, add cooked vegetable oil, and cook until it is 70% hot. Put the fish fillets into the oil pan one by one. When it is fried to tan, remove it with a colander; 3.

Remove the oil from the original wok, add the vinegar and sugar, and heat over medium heat until the sugar melts. Add the fish fillets, lift the pan upside down a few times, pour in the cooked vegetable oil, place in a pan, and sprinkle with spiced powder.Serve.

Authentic method of sweet and sour crisp fish 1.

Cut grass carp into fish fillets, and try to remove fish bones.

Stir in raw flour, salt, chicken essence, vinegar, and eggs.


Marinate for half an hour.


Oil in the saucepan 4.

The oil is burned to a small bubble, and you can get 5 fish.

Pour the fish down and fry it 6.

Fry until golden.


Raise the oil control reserve.


After letting it cool.

Heat the oil again, fry the fish fillets again, and lift up for later use.


In another pot, put some oil.


Pour the right amount of ketchup, sugar, and vinegar into the pot (without adding it) and add a small amount of water to boil the soup.


Boil ketchup and other ingredients to make a thick juice12.

Pour the fried fish fillets into the thick sauce.


Stir fry over low heat and make sure that each fillet is covered with soup.

A delicious and crispy fillet is acceptable.

The authentic method of “sweet and sour fish fillet” requires the following ingredients: 1.

1 fresh carp (750 g) just bought at the fresh market, 2 g of soy sauce, 2 eggs of nutrition (10 g, 4 g of ordinary refined salt at home, 100 g of dry bread flour, 1 g of pepper, minced ginger and garlic15 grams, 10 grams of sour vinegar, 30 grams of spring onion, 15 grams of wine, 500 grams of cooked vegetable oil consumes 125 grams, 50 grams of sugar, 40 grams of wild rice powder, and MSG 1.

6 grams, 200 grams of fresh soup prepared in advance, 10 grams of sesame oil.

How to make this dish: 1.

In a bowl, add salt, soy sauce, vinegar, wine, pepper, sugar, wild rice powder, monosodium glutamate, sesame oil, and soup to a bowl of delicious sauce.


First remove the carp you just bought, remove the gills, and perform a laparotomy.
Use a knife to push and pull from the tail to the right until you remove the two large pieces of net fish, and then use an oblique knife to grow the fish pieces by 8 cm, 5 cm wide, and 0 thick.
6 cm slices, filled into the basin.

First add Shaojiu (2g), fine salt (2g), stir well to taste, then break the egg into the shell and stir well.

Put the pieces of fish into the dry fine bread flour one by one, stick the two sides together, pat tightly, and spread them in the large trays for later use.


Add cooked vegetable oil to the pan and heat up to 50%. Put the breaded fish fillets into the pan and fry until the color is dark yellow. Remove the crispy skin and put them in a large disc.

Pour the fried oil and leave 100 grams, add the green onion, stir-fry the minced ginger and garlic, then cook in the sauce. When it is thick and spit, the strong sweet and sour flavor is sprayed out.
The main ingredients of this dish are eggs and carp. Let ‘s take a look at their nutritional content!

The key: 2.

If the firepower is low, the fish fillets should be picked up, wait for the oil temperature to rise, and then fry again to get the effect of crispy and tender inside.


Fish fillets are served immediately after cooking to maintain flavor.

You can also add scallion or turnip after the cooking sauce.

Features: This dish is prepared by two methods of cooking, frying and cooking. The color of the finished dish is golden, the outside is crisp and the inside is tender, with a strong sweet and sour fragrance.

Carp nutritional value: carp contains protein, trace, unsaturated fatty acids, starch, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, calcium, selenium, iodine, zinc, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, Niacin, vitamin E and other nutrients


Carp is rich in protein. The quality of the protein is good. It is easy to digest. It is suitable for children, the elderly, and those with weak spleen and stomach digestion. It can enhance the body’s immunity and make people healthy.


DHA and EPA contained in carp dung are unsaturated fats (here are biological terms). The main pharmacological effects are lowering blood lipids, antithrombotic, lowering blood viscosity, skin care, anti-aging, prolonging pregnancy and preventing preterm birth.

Carp contains vitamin E. Vitamin E can promote reproductive ability, prevent threatened abortion, resist free radical oxidation, and eat carp for men and women’s health and beauty skin care.


Carp contains calcium, zinc and other trace elements. It is an irreplaceable component for children’s growth and development. It can promote children’s bone growth and intellectual development and help children grow up healthily!

Therefore, carp is suitable for children with long bodies.

[What is the practice of mashed potato sauce]_Mashed potato_Mixed juice_How to make

[What is the practice of mashed potato sauce]_Mashed potato_Mixed juice_How to make

Potatoes are a popular vegetable in life, and their health effects are very significant. They have the effects of strengthening the spleen, dampness, detoxification, anti-inflammatory, laxative and lowering sugar and lipids.Wait, there are many ways to eat potatoes. They can be fried with meat and other vegetables, and can also be made into mashed potato sauce. What is the practice of mashed potato sauce?

First, what are the practices of mashed potato sauce?

Prepared ingredients: Ingredients: potatoes.

Accessories: one red pepper, one green onion, one spoon of soy sauce, salt, moderate cumin, green pepper, half garlic, vinegar, and tomato sauce.

Cut the potatoes into pieces and steam them, poke them with chopsticks, take them out after steaming, and be hot!

Then take out the garlic stirrer and put in the potato chips, and stir into the puree.

You can also use a spoon without the garlic stirrer, but it will affect the taste. The garlic stirrer will make the mashed potatoes delicate and delicious.

Cut the garlic, shallots, green peppers, and red peppers and prepare for frying.

Add garlic first, then add onion white (reserve green onion), don’t make the fire too big, then add pepper powder, soy sauce, cumin, salt, vinegar, tomato sauce, continue to fry, and finally boil for a while.

Shape the mashed potatoes into a round shape with a spoon, place it in the center of the dish, pour the fried sauce on the mashed potatoes, sprinkle the reserved onion flowers, and mix red and green.

Alright, very delicious.

Second, 2 medium-sized potatoes, peeled, washed, and cut into large pieces.

Add to a pot of water, cook, remove, put into a large bowl, use a spoon to squeeze the potatoes into a paste, put a spoonful of paste, a little salt, 1-2 spoons of milk, mix well.

Don’t be too thin.

Dig the mixed mashed potatoes into small balls, or knead them into small balls, put them on a plate, and arrange them.

If you make the ball with your hands, you will not stick your hands if you wet your hands with water.

Pour in a small bowl of chicken broth in a small saucepan, add black pepper, and cut into thin slices of shredded ham (or sausage shreds). After boiling, thicken with water starch.

Pour the mashed sauce on the potato balls, and look at the cute and delicious chicken sauce and mashed potatoes.

What are the methods of mashed potato sauce?

The shredded pork is mixed with cooking wine and starch, marinated for 10 minutes, put oil in the wok, and fried into the shredded pork.

Add the sauce until the shredded pork is white. Stir the sauce with the shredded pork and add a bowl of water. Stir in one direction with a frying spoon to avoid the pan.

When the sauce of the meat is thick, just start to cook.